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Toefl test types IBT and PBT, scores and sections

TOEFL is a test that is used to test the English language standards of a candidate and is conducted by ETS (Educational Testing Services). The scores obtained in the test helps you to get an admission in your desired college. It is very important to know how the TOEFL marks are getting validated as there are the minimum and maximum marks criteria one should obtain to get in the University of your Choice.

There are two most popular format of TOEFL- Paper based (PBT) and internet based (iBT). Since there are different formats, the way they are evaluated are also different. In the Internet based TOEFL, there are four sections – 30 marks each (thus making 120 marks in total)

Paper based test can be taken 6 times a year at any of the TOEFL test Centers.

The paper-based test has three sections and the duration is 1 and 1/2 hours – half an hour for each section. It includes reading, writing and listening sections that are grouped as follows

  • Listening Comprehension: This section measures your ability of understanding English language.
  • Structure and Language: This section measures your ability to recognize the language with appropriate standards.(Technical)
  • Reading Comprehension: This section measures your ability of understanding non technical readings in English.

The scores for each section are converted to a total PBT score (ranges from 310-677) by statistical means.

The Reading and Listening section:

There are 36-70 tasks based on passage reading and 34-51 tasks based on listening skills and answering questions.

Speaking Section

It has 6 tasks that are rated from 0-4 and the sum is converted to scale score of 0-30.

Writing Section

This section has two tasks, each rated from 0-5. Thus the sum is converted to scaled score of 0-30

There are no passing or failing scores, Individual higher Education and Agencies set their own score requirements. There is also no limit on the number of attempts to the test. TOEFL scores are valid for two years from the test date.

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